About Us Bilateral Relations

Islamic Rep of Mauritania– Bilateral Brief

Both the countries have Democratic governance and enjoy cordial and friendly relations. There is no bilateral geo-political clash of interests. Neither country has Diplomatic representation in each others’ country. India, however, has a token representation in the form of an Hony. Consulate and has announced its plans to open mission in Nouakchott by 2021. India provides substantial developmental, human resource development and infrastructural aid to Mauritania. The Government of Mauritania looks forward to further multi-faceted strengthening of its relationship with India, especially in port/s development, oil exploration, mining, power, agricultural, pharmaceuticals, engineering and educational sectors. The country is developing its port city of Nouadhibou in a big way and is inviting investors with attractive incentives. Mauritania can make immense use of India’s expertise in sectors such as oil exploration, port development, power, communications, IT, education, mining, agriculture, automobile and pharmaceuticals etc.

Bilateral Agreements: Nil

Bilateral Visits:  No bilateral visit has taken place in the recent years. However, at the invitation of the Prime Minister of India, the President of Mauritania, accompanied by a high level Ministerial/official delegation attended the 3rd India-Africa Forum Summit (IAFS-III) in New Delhi in October 2015.

Lines of Credit: India has extended a Line of Credit (LOC) of value aggretating US$ 21.8 million to Mauritania towards agro-industries and  drinking water projects.  The Government of India has approved another LOC of USD 65.68 million for a Solar-Diesel Hybrid Rural Electrification Project in Mauritania.  The Contract for this LOC is yet to be signed.

ITEC/ICCR Training Slots: The number of ITEC slots offered to Mauritania for 2019-20 is 5. Three ICCR scholarships have been offered to Mauritania for 2019-20.

Pan-African e-Network Project:The Pan-African e-Network Project, set up by Telecommunications Consultants India Limited (TCIL), was operational in Mauritania. The project remains underutilized due to language problem etc. The next phase of programme in the form of e-VidyaBharati and e-AarogyaBharati (e-VBAB) Network Project has been offered to Mauritania. 

Bilateral Trade and investment:  There is vast potential for Indian investors in Mauritania, especially in the fields of oil exploration, port development, mining, agriculture, pharmaceuticals, machinery, human resource development and power generation. The Mauritanian Government’s investment and development strategy emphasizes private sector development, which is seen as the main engine of economic growth. Privatization, liberalization, and investment incentives figure prominently in Mauritania’s World Bank and IMF structural reform programmes. Foreign investment is welcome in most sectors. The Investment Code uses privatization and liberalization to encourage foreign investors and guarantees companies the freedom to transfer most capital and wages abroad. The volume and value of bilateral trade between the two countries is insignificant. However, there is potential for growth, especially when Mauritania is a resource-rich country, especially the extractive natural resources, including oil that await exploration, production and value addition. The Government of Mauritania has embarked on a programme for the large scale integrated development of Nouadhibou Free Zone for development of Nouadhibou Bay and offers many incentives.

Mauritania’s Primary Exports/Imports: Major exports are Iron ore, fish and fish products, gold, copper, petroleum. Its major imports are machinery and equipment, petroleum products, capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods etc.

Bilateral Trade: India’s main exports to Mauritania are cereals (and related products), tanning and dyeing extracts, plastic products, cotton, ceramic, Iron and steel articles, boilers and related mechanical appliances and non- railway vehicles etc.

Mauritania’s main exports to India include iron and steel, ores, slag, ash, cotton and copper made articles, aluminum, electrical machinery etc.  Total bilateral trade was of US$131 million in 2018-19.

Indian Investments in Mauritania: Indian mining, power and oil companies are reported to have some presence in the country. Some Indian companies are also involved in LoC/Buyer’s Credit contracts execution.  Indian origin commodities are commonly seen at market places. Indian fabric is particularly used for a popular traditional dress worn by Mauritanian women.

Mauritanian Investments in India: Mauritania has no known investment enterprises in India. It is amongst the poorest countries in the world, heavily reliant on foreign aid.  

Indian Community in Mauritania: Currently, the number of Indians in Mauritania is estimated to be around 100-150. Indian presence is evident in the mining, power, pharmaceuticals, oil and gas exploration, construction and agro industrial sectors. Few Indian companies are also involved in projects executions under LoC/Buyer’s Credit schemes extended to Mauritania by India and other international organizations.    


Dubbed Indian Films/TV serials and north Indian dresses are popular in Mauritania.